How ERC-884 Is Powering Delaware’s Blockchain Revolution

3 min readFeb 9, 2024


How ERC-884 Is Powering Delaware’s Blockchain Revolution

In the evolving landscape of business and technology, a fascinating development has emerged — the ERC-884 token. This token, aligned with Delaware’s recent legislative changes, brings blockchain into the fold of managing corporate shares. Let’s delve into the world of ERC884, its compatibility with Delaware laws, and its potential to reshape how companies handle equity transactions.


Delaware’s State Senate, through Senate Bill No. 69, has given corporations the green light to utilize blockchain for managing share registries. This legal shift focuses on the General Corporation Law, paving the way for ERC-884 tokens that adhere to the ERC-20 standard while aligning with Delaware’s legal landscape.

Decoding ERC-884

ERC-884 introduces a token standard that plays by the rules of the Delaware General Corporation Law. This allows for the creation of ERC-20 tokens that represent shares issued by Delaware corporations. It goes beyond the ERC-20 standard, emphasizing key principles.

Ownership of tokens requires identity verification, ensuring a secure environment. The token contract mimics a corporation’s stock ledger, following the law’s guidelines. This includes reporting capabilities, recording essential information, and tracking share transfers.

Crucially, each ERC-884 token corresponds to a single share, eliminating the complexity of dealing with partly paid shares or fractional tokens. Additionally, there are mechanisms in place to address situations where shareholders lose access to their private keys, prioritizing security and user support.

The Driving Force Behind ERC-884

ERC-884 is motivated by the Delaware General Corporation Law, which mandates the recording of shares in a share registry. By employing a DGCL-compatible token, companies can potentially raise funds through an Initial Public Offering (IPO) while sidestepping traditional stock exchanges and staying compliant with Delaware Corporations Law.

Existing token standards like ERC-20 fall short in meeting KYC/AML rules mandated by the General Corporation Law. ERC-884 aims to bridge this gap, providing a framework that supports legal compliance and facilitates the export of shareholder lists.

Navigating SEC Requirements

While ERC-884 aligns with Delaware’s legal landscape, it acknowledges additional regulations imposed by the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC). The standard supports SEC requirements related to crowdsales, including displaying funds raised in USD, limitations on the number of shareholders, and other crucial considerations for a compliant crowdsale.

Utilizing Identity Hash Values

To balance shareholder privacy and optimize blockchain efficiency, ERC-884 encourages the maintenance of an off-chain private database. This database records essential information, such as the owner’s name, residential address, and Ethereum address. The use of identity hash values ensures a secure and streamlined process, aligning with privacy and economic feasibility principles.

Addressing User Access Loss

Taking inspiration from traditional share registries managed by Transfer Agents, ERC-884 introduces the ‘cancelAndReissue’ function. This allows token implementers to address situations where users lose access to their addresses by reissuing tokens to a new address. The process involves updating records to ensure a smooth transition and avoiding the reuse of cancelled addresses.

Permissions Management

Recognizing the importance of controlling access to critical functions, ERC-884 leaves permissions management outside its scope. How access to functions like adding, removing, updating, or superseding verified addresses is controlled is a consideration left to implementers.

The Logic Behind ERC-884 and Backwards Compatibility

ERC-884 adopts a minimalist approach to extend the existing ERC-20 standard, ensuring compliance with the Delaware General Corporation Law. The rationale behind certain design choices, such as requiring implementations to throw exceptions in case of failure, aims to maintain a robust and secure framework.

Backwards compatibility with ERC-20 tokens is preserved, with specific provisos regarding token divisibility, transfer restrictions to non-verified addresses, and the pruning of shareholders who transfer their remaining tokens.

In Conclusion

In summary, ERC-884 emerges as a significant stride in the blockchain realm, aligning with Delaware’s legal framework to revolutionize how corporations manage shares. By providing a standardized and compliant approach, ERC-884 opens doors for companies to navigate fundraising processes, ensuring legal adherence and security. As technology and regulations continue to evolve, ERC-884 serves as a testament to the ongoing collaboration between innovation and regulatory frameworks, offering a glimpse into the future of corporate transactions.